The Great Gatsby – Chapter 1

We’ve always been unusually communicative in a reserved way.

  • reserved

〔性格が〕控えめな、遠慮がちな、謹厳な、自制心が強い、つつましい◆shyと違って、本人の意志を含意

In consequence I’m inclined to reserve all judgements, …

  • inclined to

《be 〜》〜したいと思う、〜する傾向がある

The abnormal mind is quick to detect and attach itself to this quality when it appears in a normal person.

  • attach A to B

AをBに付ける[添付する]

Most of the confidences were unsought–frequently I have feigned sleep, preoccupation or a hostile levity when I realized by some unmistakable sign that an intimate revelation was quivering on the horizon–for the intimate revelations of young men or at least the terms in which they experss them are usually plagiaristic and marred by obvious suppressions.

  • feign

〜を装う、〜のふりをする、〜を見せかける、でっち上げる

  • levity

○軽率、場違いな陽気さ、無思慮
軽さ◆重量の

  • revelation

○〔隠れているものを〕見せること◆【動】reveal
明らかになること、暴露、口外、発覚、摘発
暴露されたこと[もの]、驚くべき新事実、意外な新事実、実態、実情、現況
啓示、黙示、お告げ、天啓

  • quiver

震える、揺れる、〔筋肉が〕けいれんする、わななく、おののく

  • plagiaristic

(plagiarism)盗作、盗用、剽窃

  • mar

(完全さを)損なう、〜を(ひどく)傷つける、台無しにする、傷物にする、損なう

  • suppression

抑圧、抑制、抑えること、鎮圧、鎮静、弾圧、禁止、隠すこと

Reserving judgements is a matter of infinite hope.

  • reserve

留保する

.., a sense of the fundermental decencies is parcelled out unequally at birth.

  • decency

礼儀、品の良さ、良識、慎み

  • parcel

〜を包み[小包]にする
○〜を分配する

And, after boasting this way of my tolerance, I come to the admission that it has a limit.

  • boast

〜を誇りにする、〔主語の〕自慢は〜である

  • admission

〔事実であることの〕承認、了解

I wanted the world to be in uniform and at a sort of moral attention forever.

  • attention

《軍事》気を付けの姿勢

I wanted no more riotous excursions with privileged glimpses into human heart.

  • riotous

大騒ぎの、騒々しい、飲み騒ぐ、暴動の、暴動を起こす、羽目を外した

  • excursion

遠足、小旅行、修学旅行、周遊、遊覧、割引往復(周遊)旅行、(遊覧)旅行団体◆短期の団体観光旅行。

  • glimpse

チラッと見ること、一目、ちらりと見えること、一瞥、垣間見ること

Gatsby who represented everything for which I have an unaffected scorn.

  • unaffected

影響を受けない、病気に掛からない、心を動かされない
○?気取っていない、わざとらしさがない、まじめな

  • scorn

軽蔑、冷笑、軽蔑の的、あざけり

…, as if he were related to one of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away.

  • intricate

入り組んだ、込み入った、もつれた、錯綜した、複雑な、難解な

  • register

〜を正式に記録する、登録する、記名する

This responsiveness had nothing to do with that flabby impressionability which…

  • impressionability

(impressionable)感じやすい、感受性の強い、影響を受けやすい

…, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person…

  • readiness

用意ができていること、準備(ができていること)、迅速、即座、快諾、喜んでする気持ち、すばやさ

No–Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.

  • prey on

〜を餌食[食い物・犠牲]にする、〜を捕食する

  • foul

不潔な,汚い,汚れた(⇔clean)〔with〕《◆dirtyより強意的》

  • in the wake of

○〜の跡を追って[つけて]、〜に倣って、〜に続いて、〜の後(で)、〜を受けて、〜の影響が残る中(で)、〜をきっかけに、〜に刺激[触発]されて
〜の結果(として)、〜があった[起こった・分かった]今[この時点で]

  • abortive
  • short-winded
  • elations

My family have been prominent, well-to-do people…

  • prominent

…and started the wholesale hardware business that my father carries on today.

  • wholesale

hard-boiled painting that hangs in Father’s office.

  • hard-boiled

…, and a little later I participated in that delayed Teutonic migration known as the Great War.

  • Teutonic

Prologue

page 2
They were an essential kind of pants–jeans, naturally, blue but not that stiff, new blue that you see so often on the first day of school.

  • stiff

堅い、固い、こわばった、ゴワゴワする

They were a soft, changeable blue with a little extra fading at the knees and the seat and white wavelets at the cuffs.

  • changeable

変わりやすい、気まぐれの、移り気な

  • fading

徐々に色あせる、消えていく

  • seat

〔ズボンなどの〕しりの部分

  • wavelet

小波、小さい波、さざ波

I guess a thrift shop is like the pound in some ways.

  • thrift shop

リサイクルショップ、中古品店、古道具屋、古物商

Our pants weren’t like the neurotic puppy whose parents left it alone, barking itself hoarse from morning till night.


Rules

page 1
2.You Must never double-cuff the Pants. It’s tacky.

  • double-cuff

(cuff)そで口、ズボンのすその折り返し

  • tacky

ださい、ぼろい、安っぽい

3.You must never say the word “phat” while wearing the Pants.

  • phat

(俗)とても良い、いかした、カッコいい

You may scratch casually at your nostril.

  • nostril

鼻孔

8.You must pass the Pants along to your Sisters according to the specifications set down by the Sisterhood.

  • specification

仕様(書)、規格

Failure to comply will result in a severe spanking upon our reunion.

  • comply

(要求、命令などに)従う、応じる

  • spank

(罰として)たたく


Praise

Brashares takes the two and creates a breezy, feel-good book.

  • breezy

○そよ風の吹く、すがすがしい
快活な、陽気な◆人の性格が
(話題などが堅苦しくなくて)軽い、内容のない[に欠ける]

A page-turning story driven by four beautifully interwoven voices…

  • page-turning

(page-turner)読み出したらやめられない本[小説]、息もつけないほど面白い本[小説]、読まないではいられない本[小説]

  • interweave

織り交ぜる[合わせる・込む]

A tribute to friendship that’s true to the emotional tumult of adolescence and pure to the notion that the only way to travel is with friends.

  • tribute

賛辞、感謝のしるし

  • tumult

大騒ぎ、騒々しさ、騒動、わめき声
混乱、暴動
○心の乱れ、動揺

Unabashedly captures the essence of girl power.

  • unabashedly

恥ずかしがらずに


Consumers locate their inner Scrooge

Coutney Hamilton’s mound of credit card debt turned her into a first-rate penny pincher this year.

  • mound of

大量の

  • penny

〈英〉〔通貨単位の〕ペニー
○ほんのわずかな金額

  • pincher

盗む人、盗人、どろぼう

Hamilton, 29, a legal secretary from Los Angeles, has $200 to stretch across six gifts.

  • stretch

○(自動)能力一杯に働く
(他動)〜を能力一杯に働かせる、ぶっ倒れそうになるくらいに働かせる

“I’m hard-pressed for some cash, and I’m trying to live beneath my means.”

  • hard-pressed

追い詰められた、土壇場の、困窮した、四苦八苦して

  • beneath

〜の支配下に

Frugal gift-shopping is nothing new, but it will likely become the norm this year, recent consumer research indicates.

  • frugal

〔暮らし・食事・お金の使い方などが〕質素な、つましい、節約する、倹約(的)な

  • norm

標準、基準、模範、規範、典型、平均

Although the plastic rectangles will still be among the most popular presents.

  • plastic rectangles

サングラス?
http://www.ninewest.com/Plastic-Rectangle-Wrap-w/Embellishment/2881265,default,pd.html

For many facing tighter budgets, paring back the number of people they give gifts to is the first plan of a attack.

  • pare

〜の皮をむく、(つめを)切る、〜を削り取る、削減する

People on the fringe of a gift giver’s social circle, such as teachers, should expect cookies or nothing at all this year.

  • fringe

へり、末端、縁、周辺、外れ
○〔社会・政治などの〕分派、非主流派、過激派グループ

Groups are going in together on gifts so individuals won’t have to shell out on their own.

  • shell out

〔お金をしぶしぶ〕支払う

Some shoppers trawl sales for gift items or set aside case each week for presents to avoid overspending with credit cards.

  • trawl

(名)トロール網
(他動)徹底的に探す

  • set aside

〜を脇[傍ら]に置く、取りのけておく、取っておく、蓄えておく


Slovakia revs up in its bid to be Europe’s Detroit

  • rev up

http://eow.alc.co.jp/rev/
〔エンジンの〕回転数を上げる、回転速度を上げる、回転を早める
○活性化する

  • bid

http://eow.alc.co.jp/bid/
入札、入札の機会、入札の順番}、競売[入札]に付されるもの
付け値、競売価格、指し値
○〔〜しようとする〕努力、企て、骨折り
〈米話〉〔入会などの〕案内、勧誘

Ex-communist Slovakia is fast becoming Europe’s Detroit: A humming automotive haven.

  • haven

http://eow.alc.co.jp/haven/
安息の地、安全な場所、安息所、避難所
○港、停泊港、避難港

Maria Novakova forecasts the creation of up to 30,000 new jobs between now and 2010 as the country’s fledgling automotive sector prepares to shift into higher gear.

  • fledgling

駆け出しの、巣立ちしたばかりの、未熟な、新入りの、新生の、芽生えたばかりの、始まったばかりの

To be sure, the U.S., Canada, China, Japan and Russia all dwarf Slovakia in sheer number of cars produced.

  • dwarf

小さい、ちっぽけな、小型の

The Big Three churned out just under 10.8 million.

  • churn out

大量生産する、量産する

But the tiny nation leads the world in per capita production.

  • per capita

〈ラテン語〉一人当たり、一人につき、頭割りで

Contrast that with the gloom settling over General Motors Corp., …

  • gloom

闇、暗闇、薄暗さ、(薄)暗がり、暗い所、暗影、陰影
○陰気、憂うつ、沈鬱、意気消沈[阻喪]、沈んだ面持ち[顔つき・表情]

  • settle

落ち着く、定住する

A lifeline they contend is needed to stave off even deeper layoffs or bankruptcy.

  • stave off

辛うじて避ける[防ぐ・食い止める]、免れる、回避する、歯止めをかける、払いのける

The payoff: its economy is one of Europe’s most vibrant, with 7.4 percent growth in 2008 despite the global meltdown and a solid 4 percent projected for next year.

  • payoff

〔給料や報酬の〕支払い(日)、給料(日)
○〈話〉〔出来事や話の〕ヤマ場、クライマックス、結末
〔最終的な〕報復、仕返し
〈話〉わいろ

  • vibrant

活気のある、力強い、活力のある

  • project

〜と見積もる、推定する、予想する

Pension and health care costs are also a fraction or what the Big Three pay out.

  • fraction

ごく少量、破片、一部分、ほんの少し、端数

“We are listening to our employees, trying not to have confrontations.”

  • confrontation

〔思想間の〕対立、〔異なる思想の人同士の〕論争

The Hingarian subsidary of Japan’s Suzuki Motor Corp. is planning to cut 1,200 jobs.

  • subsidary

子会社